What is cold stunning?
The term “cold stunning” refers to the hypothermic reaction that occurs when sea turtles are exposed to prolonged cold water temperatures. Initial symptoms include a decreased heart rate, decreased circulation, and lethargy, followed by shock, pneumonia and possibly death.
Why are sea turtles affected by cold stunning?
Sea turtles are cold-blooded reptiles that depend on external sources of heat to determine their body temperature. Therefore, in cold water they do not have the ability to warm themselves, and must instead migrate to warmer waters.
Sea turtles are commonly found in waters off the Mid-Altantic and Northeast U.S. during the summer and early fall. They typically begin to migrate south by late October. It is largely unknown why some sea turtle do not migrate south prior to the drop in water temperatures. It is thought that animals foraging in shallow bays and inlets become susceptible to cold stunning because the temperatures in these areas can drop quite rapidly and unexpectedly.
How many sea turtles cold stun in the Northeast Region each year?
In the Northeast Region, the largest concentration of cold stunned turtles occurs in Massachusetts, on the Cape Cod Bay beaches. In any given year, between 50 and 200 sea turtles are expected to cold stun in MA from late October through December. In addition to Massachusetts, New York, specifically Long Island beaches, also see several cold stunned turtles each winter.
What species are affected by cold stunning in the Northeast Region?
Kemp’s ridley sea turtles are the most common cold stunned species. Also, loggerhead sea turtles and green sea turtles are often affected by cold stunning. These species are all found to have similar reactions to the cold water temperatures.